What Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

Written by Dan

Do you ever find yourself scratching your head when your sixth grader tells you what they’re learning in school? From new and exciting math concepts to understanding critical historical events to hone writing skills that will prepare them for the future – it’s no wonder many parents are left perplexed by the complexities of a middle school curriculum!

Don’t worry, though, because we’ve got you covered. Join us as we look at some of the core topics covered in today’s sixth-grade classrooms and how these foundational pieces can help set kids up for a successful transition into high school.

What Maths Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

In sixth Grade , students typically cover various math topics that build on their previous knowledge and prepare them for more advanced math in later years. Some of the concepts that may be covered in sixth-grade math include:

  1. Ratios and Proportions: Students learn to compare and relate quantities using ratios and proportions and apply them to solve real-world problems.
  2. Fractions, Decimals, and Percentages: They learn how to convert fractions to decimals and percentages and vice versa. They also know how to perform operations with fractions and decimals.
  3. Integers: Students learn about whole numbers, negative numbers, and zero. They know how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers and apply them in real-life situations.
  4. Geometry: Students learn about angles, lines, and shapes, including polygons, circles, and three-dimensional figures. They also know how to calculate area, perimeter, and volume.
  5. Algebra: In sixth Grade, students are introduced to algebraic concepts, including variables, equations, and inequalities. They learn to create and solve equations and read and interpret graphs and charts.

The sixth-grade math curriculum emphasizes problem-solving, critical thinking, and reasoning skills. It provides a strong foundation for future math courses and prepares students for complex math concepts in later grades.

What English Language Arts Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

The English Language Arts curriculum for sixth-grade students covers various aspects of English, including reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. Here are some of the topics typically covered in the sixth-grade ELA curriculum:


In sixth Grade, students continue to develop their reading comprehension skills. They learn to analyze and interpret literary texts, including fiction, non-fiction, and poetry. They also learn how to identify themes, settings, and character development. Additionally, they know how to read and understand complex texts, as well as how to summarize and evaluate information.


In sixth Grade, students improve their writing skills through practice and instruction. They learn to write various paragraphs, including descriptive, persuasive, and informative. They also learn to incorporate evidence and use proper grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure. Additionally, they know how to conduct research and write an informative essay.

Speaking and Listening

Sixth-grade students learn how to communicate their ideas through speaking and listening skills effectively. They know how to participate in class discussions, present information, and engage in group work. Additionally, they learn to listen actively, ask questions, and provide feedback to peers.


In sixth Grade, students expand their vocabulary through reading and direct instruction. They learn how to identify and analyze word roots, prefixes, and suffixes to determine the meaning of new words. Additionally, they know how to use context clues and reference materials to define unknown words.

Grammar and Language Conventions

Students in sixth Grade improve their grammar and language conventions. They learn to use correct verb tenses, subject-verb agreement, and pronoun usage. Additionally, they know how to use punctuation, capitalization, and spelling correctly.

The sixth-grade ELA curriculum aims to strengthen students’ reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. It emphasizes critical thinking, analysis, and effective communication through various textual materials.

What Science Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

In sixth Grade, students typically build on their previous science knowledge and learn more advanced topics. Here are some of the science topics that may be covered in sixth Grade:

Earth Science

Sixth-grade students learn about different Earth systems, such as the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere. They study natural resources, weather patterns, geological formations, and plate tectonics. Students also learn about the effects of human activity on the environment and how to reduce their ecological footprint.

Physical Science

Students learn about matter and energy’s physical properties and laws in sixth grade. They study motion, energy transfer, sound and light waves, heat transfer, and electricity. Additionally, they learn about elements, compounds, and chemical reactions.

Life Science

Sixth-grade life science topics may include the study of living organisms, such as plants and animals, and how they interact with their environments. Students learn about the structure and function of cells, ecosystems, and the characteristics of different organisms. They may also study genetics and heredity.

Scientific Inquiry and Process

In sixth Grade, students learn to apply the scientific method to different experiments and investigations. They know how to formulate hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, collect and analyze data, and conclude. Additionally, students learn how to communicate scientific findings through written and oral presentations.

The sixth-grade science curriculum emphasizes critical thinking, problem-solving, and hands-on learning through various experiments and investigations. It provides a foundation for future science topics and prepares students to be scientifically literate.

What Social Studies Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

The Social Studies curriculum for sixth-grade students focuses on building students’ knowledge and understanding of the world, its people, its history, and its geography. Here are some of the topics typically covered in the sixth-grade Social Studies curriculum:

World History and Culture

In sixth Grade, students learn about world history and culture, including ancient civilizations and their contributions to society. They explore the history and culture of Latin America, Africa, and Asia, and learn about key events that shaped the modern world.


Sixth-grade students learn about the Earth’s physical features, such as landforms, oceans, and climate patterns. They study maps and globes, and learn to identify locations using latitude and longitude. Additionally, they learn about cultural and economic geography and how these factors shape people’s lifestyles and impact global trade.

Government and Civics

Sixth-grade students study the core principles of democracy, such as respect for individual rights, the rule of law, and democratic representation. They learn about the U.S. political system, including the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of government. Additionally, they study the U.S. Constitution and its amendments.


Students learn about the basics of economics; they study the concepts of supply and demand, market systems, and resource allocation. They also explore the role of monetary and fiscal policy and how they impact the economy. Additionally, they study the global economy and the concept of interdependence.

What Physical Education Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

The Physical Education curriculum for sixth-grade students emphasizes physical fitness development and understanding of physical activity concepts. Here are some of the topics typically covered in the sixth-grade Physical Education curriculum:

Fitness Concepts

In sixth Grade, students learn the concepts related to physical fitness and how to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. They know about health-related fitness factors, such as cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility. Additionally, they learn the importance of maintaining a healthy diet and the benefits of regular exercise.

Team Sports

In sixth Grade, students may learn to play various team sports such as basketball, volleyball, soccer, or flag football. They know the related rules, techniques, and strategies. They also learn the importance of sportsmanship, communication, and teamwork to achieve success.

Cooperative Activities

Students engage in cooperative activities to develop their social skills and teamwork abilities. They learn how to cooperate with others to achieve a common goal and problem-solve together.

Individual Sports and Activities

Sixth-grade students may also have opportunities to participate in individual sports such as running and weightlifting. They learn to set personal goals, monitor progress, and track improvements.

What Well-Being Is Taught In Sixth Grade?

The well-being curriculum for sixth-grade students emphasizes the development of student’s physical, social, and emotional well-being. Here are some of the topics typically covered in the well-being curriculum for sixth-grade students:

Physical Well-being

In sixth Grade, students learn about the importance of physical activity and how it contributes to their overall physical health. They know how to develop and maintain healthy habits, such as good hygiene, proper nutrition, and regular exercise.

Mental Health

Sixth-grade students learn about the importance of maintaining their mental health. They know how to cope healthily with stress, anxiety, and other emotions. They also learn about the benefits of mindfulness, meditation, and other stress-reducing techniques.

Relationship Building

In sixth Grade, students learn to build positive relationships with their families, peers, teachers, and others. They know how to communicate effectively, resolve conflicts, and work collaboratively. Additionally, they learn how to recognize and respect diversity and be an ally to those who may experience discrimination or prejudice.

Internet and Social Media Safety

In sixth Grade, students learn about internet safety and the responsible use of social media. They learn to protect their personal information, identify and report cyberbullying, and make informed online decisions.

Sixth Grade is an essential and pivotal milestone in your child’s academic career journey. It provides a great platform to pursue areas of particular interest further while they also begin to build essential life skills. A firm understanding of the core topics taught during sixth Grade will create ample opportunities for your child as they progress through school and attain higher educational goals.

If you have questions regarding providing proper guidance to your child regarding their studies, please get in touch with any questions. All in all, knowledge never goes out of style and preparing extensively in advance would give your sixth grader a step up!

And don’t forget, if you’ve enjoyed this article and found it thought-provoking, please come and check out our other articles about our present and future world – there’s something for everyone!

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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