What To Teach About Electricity In Science

Written by Dan

Last updated

Are you looking for ways to make your science lessons on electricity more interesting for your students? If so, then you’ll want to check out this blog post.

We’ll explore some fun and engaging activities to help bring this topic to life for your primary school students. Whether it’s talking about how electricity is generated or discussing the dangers of electrical shock, these ideas will get your students excited about learning all about this important topic!

Related: For more, check out our article on How To Make Science Fun  here.

what is taught in primary school science

Identify Common Appliances That Run On Electricity

Even if your class still needs to understand the complicated principles of electricity, teaching them about common everyday appliances that run on it can help to give a real-world example.

Gather a few items around the school, such as a phone charger, laptop, electric toothbrush, hairdryer and even an electric toy car or train.

Explain how each one uses electricity to power it and encourage discussion so children get used to thinking of electricity in their lives.

With this knowledge, they are ready to learn more complex information found in primary school and beyond.

Construct A Simple Series Circuit

Learning about electricity can be fun and fascinating for children. A critical part of this learning is constructing a simple series of electrical circuits with details including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

Identifying and naming these components gives children an understanding of how these essential parts work together to create daily conveniences like lights and other devices that run on electricity.

Understanding the basics will help students have meaningful discussions in their science class when they are introduced to more advanced concepts.

Related: For more, check out our article on The Importance Of Science In Primary School here.

Investigate Successful Circuits

Electricity can be a complicated subject for even adults to grasp, so explaining it to children in primary school may seem impossible. However, teaching basic concepts is more straightforward than one may think!

One exercise you can use to help kids understand electricity is having them identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit. In this experiment, the kids will study whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with the battery and if that loop has enough energy to cause light.

As children go through this exercise, they can pick up essential skills related to electricity and its impacts on everyday life.


Teaching children about electricity in primary school is an essential yet fun learning experience. When it comes to understanding electricity, one of the key concepts is the importance of switches and their role in completing circuits.

Through simple demonstrations, a teacher can illustrate that when a button is pressed to open or close a course, it will affect the outcome of a series circuit – for example, the power of a simple lamp lighting up.

Teaching kids this fundamental knowledge early on gives them a valuable understanding of electrical systems they can carry forward later in life.

Conductors and Insulators

When learning which materials are good conductors and insulators of electricity, a great starting point is to focus on metals. Metals are generally excellent conductors, meaning they can easily carry an electrical current, so students need to learn the most commonly used, such as copper, silver and aluminium.

Insulators, including rubber and plastic, can also stop electrical currents from flowing when placed between different metals.

Introducing and exploring concepts like these through practical activities or demonstrations is often one of the best ways to engage children in science topics!


How much does it take to light up a room? Just a few volts from some batteries are all it takes. But how do we get that electricity to the light bulb? In this lesson, we’ll learn how to make a simple circuit using a switch to connect a battery to a lamp.

We’ll also learn about how the brightness of the light is affected by the number of batteries we use.


Many factors can affect how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and switches on/off position. While some of these variations may be due to the component’s quality, others can be caused by how the part is used.

For example, a switch turned on and off frequently may not operate as well as one used less often.

Use Recognised Symbols

Teaching primary school children about electricity is an integral part of the school curriculum. Students must use recognised symbols when creating a diagram to convey their understanding of electric circuits.

A standard set of characters allows for consistent experience between different classes and teachers, allowing for more effective teaching and learning.

Alongside the use of these recognised symbols, it is also essential to emphasise the purpose of why each component in the circuit has been included.

Through this thorough explanation, students can better understand electricity as a whole rather than just individual symbols or components.

In conclusion, teaching electricity to primary school children provides them with an invaluable understanding of the principles of electricity and its impacts on everyday life.

By introducing concepts such as switches, conductors and insulators, cells, components and symbols in fun and engaging way, teachers can further develop their students’ knowledge.

This experience will not only help equip them for more complex electrical concepts in the future but also give them a greater appreciation of the power and importance of electricity.


What topics should be covered when teaching electricity?

A. When teaching electricity, topics such as static electricity, electric circuits and conductors, magnets, voltages and currents should all be included in the curriculum. Additionally, issues like electromagnetism, transformers and generators, energy sources, electrical safety etc., can also be covered for a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter.

How can I make learning about electricity more engaging for my students?

A. Making learning about electricity more engaging is essential to ensure that students remain focused on the lesson content. Incorporating interactive activities such as building electric circuits or creating models of transformers or batteries can bring the concepts to life through experimentation and observation.

Additionally, multimedia sources such as videos or podcasts can help illustrate complex concepts visually or audibly, which may be easier for some students to understand than just lecture-style instruction alone!

What scientific data should I use when teaching about electricity?

A. There is a wide variety of scientific data available on Electricity topics, including imagery from simulations and graphical representations of data collected from research experiments or field studies, all of which help to support a comprehensive understanding of electric fields and permeability!

Are there any resources I can use when teaching about electricity?

A. Yes! Resources for teaching about electricity include online websites such as Khan Academy’s electrical engineering page, which has plenty of information on related topics, along with tools like Arduino, which helps provide fun activities involving electric motors and other components needed to construct working models of electric circuits!

Your local library may also have books on Electronics-related topics, so it’s always worth getting creative when seeking materials that could be useful in class too!

Q. What safety precautions should I take when doing experiments related to electricity?

A. safety must always come first when conducting experiments related to electricity, so it’s vital to ensure that you have taken appropriate steps before carrying out any practical work with your students, such as using insulated equipment where appropriate and providing proper instruction regarding the handling/use of any equipment used will help you stay compliant with relevant laws too!

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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