James And The Giant Peach – Planning Overview

Written by Dan

Last updated

Have you ever looked for creative, engaging ways to help your students explore literature? If so, why not use the classic children’s novel James and the Giant Peach as a learning opportunity?

Not only is it an exciting tale of adventure and courage, but this book also contains imaginative themes that can provide great talking points in class. In this article, we’ll look at how to plan an activity using James and the Giant Peach as a basis for discussion.

Are you ready to embark on a literary journey with James into his giant peach? Then join us as we explore how to incorporate this fun story into your classroom!

Related: For more, check out our article on Oranges In No Mans Land by Elizabeth Laird  here.


  1. Friendship: James forms close friendships throughout the story with the insects he meets on his journey. These relationships are built on trust, mutual support, and a shared sense of adventure.
  2. Imagination: The story’s magical elements encourage readers to use their dreams and think outside the box.
  3. Overcoming adversity: James faces many challenges throughout his journey but learns to face them head-on with determination and resourcefulness.
  4. Family: James is an orphan at the story’s beginning, but he learns that family can come in many forms.

The themes of friendship, imagination, and overcoming adversity are essential to the story of “James and the Giant Peach”.


Friendship is a critical theme in the story as James forms close bonds with the insects he meets on his journey. These relationships are built on trust, mutual support, and a shared sense of adventure. Without the help of his insect friends, James would not have been able to overcome the challenges he faced throughout his journey.

The theme of imagination is also significant as it encourages readers to think outside the box and embrace their creativity. The story’s magical elements spark children’s imaginations and encourage them to dream big and believe anything is possible.

Finally, overcoming adversity is a central theme in “James and the Giant Peach”. James faces many obstacles throughout his journey, including cruel relatives who mistreat him, dangerous situations at sea, and even a giant mechanical shark.

However, he learns to face these challenges head-on with determination and resourcefulness. By overcoming these obstacles, James grows stronger both emotionally and mentally.

These themes blend seamlessly to create an engaging story that teaches valuable lessons about friendship, imagination and perseverance while taking readers on an exciting adventure filled with wonderment!

Overcoming Adversity

James overcame adversity in several ways throughout the story of “James and the Giant Peach”. Here are some examples:

  1. Escaping from his cruel aunts: James had lived with his abusive aunts since he was orphaned, but he found the courage to run away from them after they threatened to punish him severely. This escape allowed him to embark on his journey with the giant peach and ultimately find a new family.
  2. Surviving at sea: When the giant peach landed in the ocean, James had to learn how to stay in a new environment while dealing with danger from sharks and storms. He and his insect friends worked together to keep the peach afloat and avoid being eaten by predators.
  3. Fighting off mechanical shark: In New York City, James faced one final obstacle when an evil businessman sent a mechanical shark after him and his friends. But they could defeat the shark and save themselves with quick thinking and bravery.
  4. Finding happiness: Throughout these challenges, James never gave up hope that he would eventually find happiness. His determination paid off when he finally found a new home with his insect friends in Central Park.


  1. James Henry Trotter: The story’s protagonist is orphaned after a rhinoceros kill his parents. He goes on an adventure in a giant peach with his insect friends to escape from his cruel aunts.
  2. Aunt Sponge and Aunt Spiker: The cruel and abusive aunts caring for James after his parents’ death.
  3. Grasshopper: A musical insect who becomes one of James’s closest friends on his journey in the giant peach.
  4. Centipede: A brash and boastful insect which often gets into arguments with the other creatures but ultimately proves loyal to James.
  5. Ladybug: A well-mannered insect who serves as a maternal figure for James and helps keep everyone organized during their journey.
  6. Earthworm: A cowardly insect afraid of everything but learns to be brave when it counts.
  7. Spider: A friendly spider who spins webs for everyone’s safety during their journey.


The story begins with young James living unhappily with his cruel aunts after losing both parents in an accident involving a rhinoceros that escaped from London Zoo.

One day while working in their garden, he discovers a mysterious old man who gives him magic green “crocodile tongues”. Later that night, while using these tongues on a barren peach tree near their home, he accidentally creates a giant peach which becomes large enough for him to enter through its stem.

Inside this peach, he finds several human-sized bugs – including Grasshopper, Ladybug, Earthworm, Centipede and Spider – all trying desperately to escape from danger or situations they don’t like because they are scared or mistreated by humans.

Together they embark on an incredible adventure across oceans and through clouds towards New York City, where they hope they will find happiness and freedom from their past lives.

Alongside this perilous journey comes life lessons about friendship as each character overcomes personal challenges such as fear or insecurity thanks to each others’ support.

Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan: “Exploring Themes in James and the Giant Peach”

Grade Level: 3-5


  • Students can identify and discuss themes of friendship, imagination, and overcoming adversity in James and the Giant Peach.
  • Students will develop critical thinking skills by analyzing the characters’ actions and motivations within the story.
  • Students will practice creative writing skills by imagining their adventures with James and his insect friends.


  • Copies of James and the Giant Peach by Roald Dahl
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Writing paper and pencils


  1. Introduction (10 minutes): Introduce the book James and the Giant peach to students. Give a brief overview of the plot, characters, setting, etc. Ask students if they have read any other books by Roald Dahl or seen any movies based on his stories.
  2. Group Discussion (20 minutes) Divide students into small groups and assign each group one of the three themes from the book: friendship, imagination, or overcoming adversity. Have them read their book section together, noting specific examples illustrating their theme. Then have each group share their findings with the class using chart paper to represent their theme visually.
  3. Character Analysis (15 minutes) Choose one character from the book (such as James or one of his insect friends) and ask students to analyze their actions throughout the story. What motivates them? How do they contribute to the overall plot? Please encourage students to think critically about what they can learn from this character’s experiences.
  4. Creative Writing Activity (15 minutes) Ask students to imagine that they are joining James on his adventure with his insect friends. What would they do? Where would they go? Have them write a short paragraph describing their imagined adventure.
  5. Conclusion (5 minutes) Wrap up by asking volunteers to share what they wrote during the creative writing activity. Remind students of key takeaways from our discussion today regarding James and the Giant Peach themes.


Students will be assessed based on their participation in group discussion, quality/accuracy of chart paper presentations, depth of analysis in character analysis activity, and creativity/originality in a creative writing activity.


  • Watch a film adaptation of James and The Giant Peach.
  • Research other works by Roald Dahl
  • Create artwork inspired by scenes or characters from the book.

Here are five websites that have information about James and the Giant Peach:

  1. Roald Dahl Website: https://www.roalddahl.com/home/kids/james-and-the-giant-peach  This is the official website for Roald Dahl, the author of James and the Giant Peach. It includes information about the book, activities, and games for kids.
  2. Scholastic: https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/books/james-and-the-giant-peach-by-roald-dahl/ Scholastic is a popular educational resource for teachers and parents. This page includes a book summary, reviews, and teaching resources.
  3. SparkNotes: https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/jamesgiantpeach/ SparkNotes provides study guides for classic literature. This page includes a summary of James and the Giant peach and an analysis of major characters, themes, symbols and motifs.
  4. IMDb: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116683/ IMDb is a famous movie database that includes information about movies based on books like James and the Giant Peach. This page contains the 1996 film adaptation information, including cast members, crew members, and ratings.

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.

3 thoughts on “James And The Giant Peach – Planning Overview”

Comments are closed.






Join our email list to receive the latest updates.

Add your form here