How To Teach Sound In Primary School

Written by Dan

Last updated

As a primary school teacher, you understand the importance of teaching your students about sound. Sound is everywhere and plays a vital role in our everyday lives.

This blog post will explore creative and effective ways to teach your primary school students sound. By the end of this blog post, you will have all the tools you need to engage your students in learning about sound!

Related: For more, check out our article on the importance of teaching the properties of materials  here.

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

Teaching primary school children about the science of sound can be fun and engaging. Start by having students identify familiar sounds, such as a bell ringing or a car horn honking, and explore how these sounds are created.

Let students brainstorm how these noises were made, then explain that all sounds come from vibrations! Show them how materials vibrate when something makes them move back and forth quickly enough.

Demonstrate this phenomenon with simple experiments – like shaking a piece of paper with one hand and tapping out a rhythm with your other hand – and have your students predict the resulting sounds. Emphasising this process will help young learners understand the interconnectivity between vibration and sound.

Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

Teaching primary school children the concept of sound is an enriching experience. One way to do this is by teaching them that sound vibrations travel through a medium and come into contact with the ear.

This can be explained simply by having one student call out, and their classmates pass the sound along through clapping or whistling.

Further models, such as those which demonstrate how sound is amplified in different environments, can also be explained to provide more depth on the subject.

It’s vital to explain the concept fun and engaging so young learners can retain it and develop a deeper understanding of sound.

Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and the features of the object that produced it.

One of the best ways to help primary school children understand sound is to find patterns between the pitch of a sound and the features of the object that produced it.

For example, you can ask them to compare the rise of a sound made by a drum with the pitch of a sound made by a cymbal. By doing this, they will see that some objects make higher-pitched sounds than others.

Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

Engaging primary school students start with exciting lessons. One way to do this is to use sound and vibrations as teaching tools. Explaining the relationship between sound volume and the strength of vibration can spark curiosity in many students.

By having pupils explore how sound filters through different materials and find patterns between the importance of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it, they will gain a deeper understanding of how sounds are created.

Experiments and activities such as singing on top of a metal utensil or banging two objects together to hear different tones and pitches let young learners explore this concept interestingly.

Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.

We all know how loud and clear a sound can be if it is close by, but teaching children how sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases is an integral part of understanding how sound works.

Educators can use creative games to help students recognise this phenomenon. For example, you could ask the children to stand in a circle and have one student clap.

After the first clap, have them move back one step at a time while someone else measures the loudness of their clapping on a decibel meter. After they have backed up far enough, they will be able to hear that their applause has grown significantly quieter.

Not only is this game educational, as it will teach them about diminishing sound levels based on distance, but it also encourages healthy competition between students, as they try to outdo each other when competing for the quietest clap!

By teaching children, the basic concepts of sound,y will be able to understand how we hear. This knowledge will allow them to explore their environment and identify different sounds. Additionally, children must learn about the sound properties soy can explain what happens when two objects collide.

List of Key Vocab around Sound:


Sound, noise, loud, quiet, high, low, music, bang, blow, pluck, soft, hard, fast, slow, names of instruments (Animals Including Humans)


Sound, noise, listen, hear, music, voices, bird song, traffic, sirens, thunder, high, low, loud, quiet, soft, volume, crackle, rumble, hum, buzz, roar.


Senses, heart, ear


Sound, source, vibrate, vibration, travel, pitch (high, low), volume, faint, quiet, loud, insulation

Integrating fun classroom activities into a child’s learning routine, such as singing songs, reading stories and conducting experiments, is an effective way to teach vocabulary. This approach helps children comprehend the words associated with sound and motivates them to use their creative thinking abilities and deepen what they have learnt.

By using creative teaching methods, teachers can ensure that young learners understand sound thoroughly, helping them become better observers of their environment and providing valuable insights into the world around them.

These lessons will let them know how sounds are created, travel and change in different surroundings. Furthermore, children can appreciate the beauty of music and its complexities by learning about sound.

By teaching primary school students about sound, educators will equip them with the knowledge and skills they need to explore this world further. These lessons will help children become better listeners, better understand the environment around them, and appreciate the beauty of music.

With these experiences, they can continue to grow their knowledge and discover even more about the fascinating world of sound.

Science is critical to teach because it helps us learn more about the world. By teaching children the basic concepts of sound, they will be able to understand how we hear and explore their environment by identifying different sounds.

Additionally, children need to learn about the sound properties so they can explain what happens when two objects collide. All of these lessons are essential to equip young learners with the knowledge and skills they need to explore this world further.


Q: What is sound?

A: Sound is a type of energy made by vibrations. It travels in waves through the air and can be heard when it reaches a person’s ears.

Q: How does sound travel?

A: Sound travels in longitudinal waves, meaning they move in straight lines away from the source of the sound. These waves are composed of compressions and rarefactions, alternations of air density that cause sounds to propagate through the air.

Q: What is an example of how sound can be used to teach?

A: Sound can be used in teaching by introducing musical instruments to students or having them listen to recordings of different instruments playing. This will allow them to experience the other sounds, understand their characteristics better, and strengthen their listening skills and creativity.

Q: How can you use sound to explore the environment?

A: When learners intently listen to their surroundings, they can distinguish varied sounds and explore what generated them. This can help students understand the properties of an object that created a specific sound, such as pitch or volume. Through this process, young minds will gain a deeper comprehension of their environment and how sound operates.

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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