Grammar Explained: ‘Who, What, When, Where, Why, How’

Written by Dan

For parents and teachers who are looking for help when it comes to teaching their students proper grammar, we have the perfect starting point! Understanding ‘who, what, when, where, why and how’ is an essential part of successful communication.

In this blog post, we will provide you with a refresher on these rules of grammar and give you tips on how to effectively impart them to your student or child.

Grammar can often be seen as a daunting task but by understanding some of the basic concepts behind it can make teaching them far easier.

Related: For more, check out our article on The Top 10 Grammar Rules  here.

The Top 5 Grammar Rules
Grammar Explained: 'Who, What, When, Where, Why, How'

The Basics of Grammar

Definition And Significance Of Grammar

So, what exactly is grammar? In simple terms, it’s a set of rules that governs the structure of sentences. It’s the glue that holds our language together, making sure we can understand each other clearly.

Imagine trying to assemble a puzzle without knowing what the picture looks like. That’s what communicating without grammar would be like – confusing and chaotic, right?

Whichever language we speak, we use grammar all the time, often without even realizing it. It’s integral to our daily conversations, texts, emails, and social media posts.

Importance Of Teaching Grammar

Learning grammar isn’t just about acing English tests or writing perfect essays (although those are great benefits!). It’s about equipping kids with the tools they need to express themselves effectively and confidently.

Children who understand grammar can communicate their thoughts, ideas, and emotions. They can ask questions, share stories, and engage in meaningful conversations.

Plus, having a solid grasp of grammar from a young age can open doors to opportunities down the line, like writing compelling college applications, acing job interviews, and thriving in professional environments.

So, teaching grammar to children? It’s not just important – it’s essential!

Detailed Explanation of ‘Who, What, When, Where, Why, How’

‘Who’: Explaining its usage and examples.

Let’s dive into the first one: ‘Who.’ This little word has a big job. It helps us identify or inquire about people.

When you want to know which person did something, who they are, or who they relate to, ‘who’ is your go-to word. For example, “Who made these delicious cookies?” or “Who is the author of this book?” So next time you’re curious about someone, remember, ‘who’ is your best friend!

‘What’: Understanding its application in sentences and examples.

Next up is ‘what.’ This word helps us ask about things or situations. If you’re seeking information about something, ‘what’ is the word you’ll need.

You might ask, “What is your favorite movie?” or “What happened at the meeting?” It’s a versatile word that can help you get to the heart of pretty much any matter.

‘When’: Discussing its role in describing time and examples.

Now, let’s talk about ‘when.’ This word is all about time. Whether you want to know when something happened in the past, when something will happen in the future, or when something is happening now, ‘when’ has got you covered.

For instance, “When is the party?” or “When did you visit Paris?” With ‘when,’ you can unlock the timeline of any story.

‘Where’: Unpacking its function in indicating place and examples.

Moving on to ‘where.’ This word is your GPS in language, helping you indicate or inquire about a place or position. Want to know where something is located?

Or clarify where something took place? Then ‘where’ is the word you need. Like in, “Where did you park the car?” or “Where is the nearest cafe?” With ‘where,’ you’ll never be lost in conversation.

‘Why’: Exploration of its use in explaining reasons and examples.

Next, let’s explore ‘why.’ If ‘what’ helps you know about things, ‘why’ helps you understand them. It’s all about reasons and explanations. If you’re curious about the cause of something or the purpose behind an action, ‘why’ is your go-to word.

For example, “Why is the sky blue?” or “Why did you choose this career?” With ‘why,’ you can delve into the reasons that make things tick.

‘How’: Explaining its use in describing methods and examples.

Finally, we have ‘how.’ This word is your guide to methods and manners. Want to know the way to do something? Or curious about the condition or quality of something?

Then ‘how’ is your answer. You might ask, “How do you cook this recipe?” or “How was the concert?” With ‘how,’ you can uncover the methods behind the madness.

Practical Tips for Teaching These Concepts

Fun and Engaging Activities To Teach Grammar Concepts.

Teaching grammar doesn’t have to be a chore. In fact, it can be a lot of fun if you approach it with creativity. For instance, consider turning the ‘Who, What, When, Where, Why, How’ into a game.

Write each word on a different card and place them in a bowl. Have your child or student draw a card and make up a sentence using that word. It’s a simple, interactive way to practice these concepts.

Or why not try storytelling? Ask your child to create a story using all six words. This encourages them not only to understand the words but also to apply them creatively.

Comics and picture books can also be great tools. Ask your child to identify the ‘Who, What, When, Where, Why, How’ in their favorite stories.

Useful Resources For Parents and Teachers.

Now, let’s discuss some handy resources to help you in this grammar journey. Plenty of websites offer free worksheets and games focused on ‘Who, What, When, Where, Why, How.’

Websites like, K5 Learning, and Grammarly Blog have a wealth of resources to help you teach these concepts effectively.

And don’t forget about apps! Language learning apps like Duolingo and Khan Academy Kids can make grammar learning interactive and fun.

They offer exercises and challenges based on these key words, providing an engaging way for children to practice at their own pace.

Remember, teaching grammar is an investment in your child’s future communication skills. So use these tips and resources, and make grammar fun!


Now, if you’re a parent or a teacher (or both!), we want you to know that you’re doing an amazing job. Teaching grammar might seem daunting, but remember, you’re not alone.

There are countless resources to help you, from websites to apps, books to games.

And remember, the best way to teach grammar is to make it fun and interactive. So don’t be afraid to get creative. Use storytelling, drawing, role play, whatever works best for your child or student.

You’re equipping them with an essential skill that will serve them well throughout their lives. So keep going, keep teaching, keep inspiring. You’ve got this!

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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