Are Teaching Assistants Considered Faculty?

Written by Dan

Last updated

Are Teaching Assistants considered faculty? To many teachers, it can be a loaded question. After all, TA’s are a valuable part of any college or university-level classroom experience, providing both assistance and support to students and professors alike.

But do they have the same rights as full-time faculty members? Are they afforded the opportunity for advancement within an academic institution in the same way as professors?

Let’s dive into what makes TA’s unique among university staff –– from their benefits and responsibilities to lessons we can learn from those who come before us!

Related: For more, check out our article on Can Teaching Assistants Become Teachers?

are teaching assistants considered faculty
ConsiderationDescriptionFaculty Status?
Role DefinitionTeaching assistants help with classroom management, instruction, and grading under the supervision of a lead teacher or professor.Typically No
Employment ClassificationThey may be classified as staff or adjuncts, depending on the institution and their responsibilities.Varies
Academic ResponsibilitiesTAs may lead discussion groups, labs, or review sessions, but they usually do not have full responsibility for a course.Varies
Level of AutonomyTAs work under the guidance of faculty and have limited authority compared to full faculty members.No
Educational RequirementsTAs are often graduate students or individuals with a bachelor’s degree, not necessarily required to have the advanced degrees that faculty members must have.No
Contract and Tenure ConsiderationsTAs typically do not have tenure-track positions or long-term contracts like faculty members.No
Title and RecognitionIn some institutions, TAs may be given titles such as ‘Instructor’ or ‘Associate’, but this does not equate to full faculty status.No
Contribution to Academic EnvironmentTAs contribute significantly to the academic environment through their support roles.Yes, as support staff
Professional Development OpportunitiesTAs may receive opportunities for professional growth, similar to faculty, but these are often limited to teaching skills.No
Involvement in Curriculum PlanningTAs are rarely involved in curriculum planning or high-level academic decision-making.No

This table provides an overview of the factors that determine whether teaching assistants are considered faculty, which can be helpful in discussing their status and role within educational institutions in your article.

1. Defining Teaching Assistants – Types, Responsibilities, and Qualifications 

Types of Teaching Assistants

Teaching assistants can be classified into different types based on their level of education, the age group they work with, the subject area they specialize in, and their specific role in the classroom.

  1. General Teaching Assistants: These are the most common type and work in various settings assisting the lead teacher in available classroom activities.
  2. Special Education Teaching Assistants: They work specifically with students who have special needs, providing individualized support and adaptations to help these students succeed in the classroom.
  3. Graduate or Research Assistants: Typically found in higher education settings, these TAs are often graduate students who assist professors with course instruction and research work.
  4. Subject-Specific Teaching Assistants: These teaching assistants specialize in a specific subject area like math, science, or language arts.

Responsibilities of Teaching Assistants

The responsibilities of a teaching assistant can vary widely depending on their specific role but typically include:

  1. Classroom Support: This involves helping set up the classroom for lessons, supervising students, and assisting with classroom management.
  2. Instructional Support: Teaching assistants often provide direct instructional support to students one-on-one or in small groups. This can involve explaining concepts, guiding practice, or providing feedback.
  3. Administrative Tasks: Grading assignments, recording grades, managing supplies, and other administrative tasks often fall within a teaching assistant’s responsibilities.
  4. Communication: Teaching assistants often act as a bridge between students, teachers, and parents, helping to facilitate clear and effective communication.

Related: For more, check out our article on Behaviour Management Strategies For Teaching Assistants

Qualifications of Teaching Assistants

The qualifications needed to become a teaching assistant can depend on the specific requirements of the job and the regulations of the state or country. However, typical qualifications include:

  1. Education: At a minimum, a high school diploma is usually required, though many positions require a bachelor’s degree or higher. Additional coursework or a specialised degree may be required for those wishing to specialize or work in certain settings, such as special education.
  2. Experience: Previous experience working with children or in an educational setting is often preferred. This could be through volunteer work, internships, or previous employment.
  3. Skills: Essential skills for a teaching assistant include strong communication, patience, organizational abilities, and a genuine passion for education. They should also be adaptable and able to work well in a team.
  4. Certification: Some states or countries require teaching assistants to be certified. This usually involves completing a state-approved education program and passing an exam.

Teaching assistants play an integral role in the education system, providing crucial support to teachers and contributing to a positive and effective learning environment for students. Their roles and responsibilities are varied and vital, requiring a solid foundation of education, experience, and skills.

2. An Overview of the Legal Framework Surrounding Teaching Assistants 

The legal framework surrounding the role of a teaching assistant varies based on the region and the specific educational institution. However, there are some standard legal aspects that most teaching assistants need to be aware of:

Employment Laws

As employees of educational institutions, teaching assistants are protected by employment laws. These laws cover aspects such as fair pay, safe working conditions, and protection from discrimination. Teaching assistants may also have the right to form or join unions in some jurisdictions.

Educational Laws and Regulations

Teaching assistants must also adhere to the laws and regulations governing their jurisdiction’s education system. This can include laws related to curriculum standards, student assessment, special education, and privacy rights of students.

Policies and Procedures of The Institution

Each educational institution will have its own policies and procedures that teaching assistants must follow. These can cover various issues, from academic integrity to sexual harassment policies. Teaching assistants may also be bound by a code of conduct or a professional ethics policy.

Legal Issues Specific to Teaching Assistants

Some legal issues are specific to the role of a teaching assistant. For example, teaching assistants must be careful to work within their defined role and not overstep into areas that are the responsibility of qualified teachers. They also need to be aware of their responsibilities when it comes to reporting child abuse or neglect.

In conclusion, the legal framework surrounding teaching assistants is complex and multifaceted. It’s essential for anyone considering a career as a teaching assistant to familiarize themselves with the relevant laws, regulations, and institutional policies.

3. Examining Different Job Titles

Whether a teaching assistant (TA) is considered faculty or staff depends on the institution and context. Here’s a general breakdown:


“faculty” typically refers to academic personnel involved in teaching or research, such as professors, lecturers, and researchers.

In some institutions, especially at the university level, TAs might be considered part of the faculty because they assist in teaching and may even lead classes under the supervision of a professor. This is particularly true for graduate students working as TAs while completing their studies.


On the other hand, the term “staff” generally refers to non-teaching positions that support the operations of an educational institution. This can include roles in administration, IT, maintenance, and other services.

Some institutions may categorize TAs as staff members because they support the faculty and contribute to the overall functioning of the educational environment.

A Hybrid Role

In many cases, the role of a TA can be seen as a hybrid of faculty and staff. They have teaching responsibilities (like faculty) but also perform supportive functions (like staff). The classification can vary based on the institution’s policies or the specific duties attached to the TA role.

Therefore, whether a TA is considered faculty or staff can depend significantly on the context. TAS need to understand how they are classified at their particular institution, as it can affect things like job responsibilities, benefits, and labor rights.

4. Exploring the Benefits and Challenges

Being a teaching assistant can be a rewarding experience, offering numerous benefits but also presenting certain challenges.

Benefits of Being a Teaching Assistant

  1. Impact on Students’ Lives: One of the most fulfilling aspects of being a teaching assistant is the opportunity to impact students’ lives positively. Whether it’s helping them understand a difficult concept, providing emotional support, or seeing their progress over time, these moments can bring great satisfaction.
  2. Skill Development: As a teaching assistant, you’ll develop many skills, such as communication, organization, problem-solving, and leadership. These skills can be beneficial in any career path.
  3. Insight into the Education Field: If you’re considering a career in education, working as a teaching assistant can give you valuable insight into what it’s like to work in a classroom setting. You’ll gain first-hand experience of the challenges and rewards of teaching.
  4. Flexibility: Many teaching assistant positions offer part-time or flexible hours, ideal for balancing other commitments such as family, studies, or another job.

Challenges of Being a Teaching Assistant

  1. Workload: Teaching assistants often have a high workload, juggling multiple responsibilities from assisting with lesson preparation and grading to providing one-on-one support to students. This can sometimes lead to stress or burnout.
  2. Managing Diverse Needs: Students will have diverse needs and abilities in any classroom. Catering to all these different needs can be challenging, especially in classrooms with large numbers of students or in unique education settings.
  3. Limited Authority: As an assistant, you’re not the main teacher, which means you may have limited authority in the classroom. This can sometimes make it difficult to manage behavior or make decisions.
  4. Low Pay: Unfortunately, teaching assistants are often not highly paid, despite the important role they play in supporting education. This can make it difficult to sustain if this is your primary source of income.

While there are challenges to being a teaching assistant, many find the benefits and the opportunity to make a difference in students’ lives to be worth it. It’s a role that requires patience, dedication, and a true love for education.

5. Examining Best Practices for Hiring and Retaining Teaching Assistants

Hiring Best Practices

  1. Clear Job Descriptions: Clearly define the role and responsibilities of the teaching assistant position in the job description. This helps to attract candidates who are a good fit for the role.
  2. Structured Interview Process: Incorporate both behavioural and situational questions in your interview process to assess the candidate’s skills, experience, and suitability for the role.
  3. Background Checks: As teaching assistants will be working closely with students, it’s important to conduct thorough background checks to ensure the safety of the students.
  4. Trial Periods: Consider implementing a trial period or observation day where potential hires can interact with students and staff. This can provide valuable insights into their suitability for the role.

Retention Best Practices

  1. Professional Development Opportunities: Provide opportunities for teaching assistants to grow and develop in their roles. This could be through workshops, training sessions, or further education opportunities.
  2. Recognition and Appreciation: Regularly acknowledging teaching assistants’ hard work and contributions can boost morale and job satisfaction. This could be through verbal praise, awards, or other forms of recognition.
  3. Competitive Compensation: While budgets can be tight in education, offering fair and competitive compensation can help to retain quality teaching assistants.
  4. Supportive Work Environment: Foster a positive and supportive work environment where teaching assistants feel valued and part of the team. Regular check-ins, open communication, and opportunities for feedback can contribute to this.
  5. Clear Career Pathways: Clear career pathways can motivate teaching assistants to stay long-term. This could involve opportunities for promotion or specialization within the school or district.

Teaching assistants have certainly come a long way in terms of recognition and respect they may receive for their work as part of a faculty.

While much has changed to grant them various rights, privileges, benefits, and protections afforded to the faculty, there are still more improvements that can be made.

The necessary steps include policy implementation and full acceptance throughout each teaching institution. If these advances continue to be made, then teaching assistants will have even more value and importance within academic settings.

Regardless of future initiatives however, it is clear that teaching assistants are an integral part of many educational institutions today and should be acknowledged as such.

After all, it takes dedication, skill, innovation, and effort by teaching assistants to make sure students grow intellectually within any given school system. All in all, it is great progress that at least the first step of recognizing the merits of teaching assistants has been taken!

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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