What Science Is Taught In Kindergarten?

Written by Dan

Last updated

Kindergarten is a vital step in a child’s education, teaching them basic skills that will help them succeed throughout life.

With the ever-changing world of modern science, it can be difficult to keep up with what your junior scholar should know when they enter their first day of school.

From potential health benefits for learning outside to the basics of ecology and engineering – you’ll want to stay abreast of what new scientific concepts are taught during this critical time in development.

Now more than ever, kids need every advantage they can get from starting on the right foot so keep reading our post to see exactly what science is taught in kindergarten!

Related: For more, check out our article on What Language Arts Are Taught In Kindergarten.

Science Is Taught In Kindergarten
Photo by Moritz Kindler

Table of Contents

Overview Of The Science Standards In Kindergarten

Kindergarten is a critical stage for children to develop a strong foundation in scientific concepts and skills. The science standards in kindergarten are designed to nurture curiosity, promote inquiry, and foster a love for learning about the natural world.

These standards encompass various scientific domains, including physical and life sciences, earth and space sciences, engineering and technology.

Concept AreaDescriptionExamples of Activities
Basic Life ScienceIntroduction to plants, animals, and humans.– Growing a plant from seeds.
Understanding living vs. non-living things.– Sorting living and non-living items.
Earth and Space ScienceBasic concepts about weather, the Earth, and the sky.– Weather charting.
Observing changes in the seasons.– Discussing the night sky and moon phases.
Physical ScienceExploring materials, their properties, and simple physical phenomena.– Playing with magnets.
Introduction to concepts like motion, force, and energy.– Rolling objects down ramps.
Environmental AwarenessLearning about the environment and how to care for it.– Recycling and conservation activities.
Understanding the importance of resources like water and air.– Cleanup projects.
Scientific InquiryDeveloping curiosity, observation skills, and the ability to ask questions.– Nature walks and observation journals.
Introduction to the scientific method through simple experiments.– Basic experiments with water and color.

This table provides an overview of the foundational science topics covered in kindergarten, paired with examples of typical classroom activities that can be included in your article.

Exploring the Five Domains of Science in Kindergarten Classrooms

Kindergarten is a crucial time for children to build a strong scientific knowledge and skills foundation.

By exploring the five domains of science, educators can create engaging and interactive experiences that foster curiosity and a love for learning. These five domains are:

a. Physical Science

Physical science activities in kindergarten classrooms focus on introducing students to the properties of matter and the basic principles of motion. Hands-on experiences and experiments may include:

  • Sorting and classifying objects based on their properties (e.g., size, shape, color, texture)
  • Investigating how materials can change when heated or cooled (e.g., melting ice, evaporation)
  • Exploring the concept of force and motion through activities such as rolling balls, sliding objects, and observing magnets

b. Life Science

Life science in kindergarten helps students develop an understanding of living organisms and their environments. Activities and lessons in this domain may involve:

  • Observing and caring for classroom plants and animals to learn about their needs and life cycles
  • Comparing and contrasting different types of living organisms (e.g., mammals, insects, plants)
  • Investigating local habitats and ecosystems through nature walks or field trips

c. Earth and Space Science

In this domain, students begin to explore the wonders of our planet and its place in the universe. Earth and space science activities may include:

  • Observing and recording weather patterns and discussing their effects on living organisms
  • Learning about the water cycle through hands-on experiments and demonstrations
  • Investigating the concept of day and night, as well as seasonal changes, using models and real-world observations

d. Engineering and Technology

Engineering and technology activities in kindergarten encourage students to think critically and apply their scientific knowledge to solve problems. Some examples of activities in this domain are:

  • Designing and building simple structures using various materials (e.g., blocks, cardboard, straws)
  • Participating in collaborative problem-solving challenges, such as creating a device to move objects or protect an egg from breaking
  • Discuss technology’s role in daily life and explore age-appropriate digital tools

e. Scientific Inquiry

Scientific inquiry is the process by which students develop their understanding of scientific concepts through questioning, investigating, and communicating their findings. In kindergarten, educators can foster scientific inquiry by:

  • Encouraging students to ask questions and make observations about the world around them
  • Providing opportunities for hands-on investigations and experiments
  • Guiding students in collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and sharing their discoveries with peers

By incorporating these five domains of science into kindergarten classrooms, teachers can create a comprehensive and engaging curriculum that lays the groundwork for future scientific learning and exploration.

Benefits of Teaching Science to Young Learners in Kindergarten

Introducing science to young learners in kindergarten has numerous benefits that can positively impact their academic, social, and emotional development.

Children can build a strong foundation for future learning and develop essential life skills by engaging in hands-on activities and exploring scientific concepts.

Some of the key benefits of teaching science to young learners in kindergarten include:

1. Fostering Curiosity and Wonder

Science education encourages children to ask questions, observe, and explore the world. This fosters a sense of curiosity and wonder, which is essential for lifelong learning and intellectual growth.

2. Developing Critical Thinking Skills

Through scientific inquiry, children learn to think critically and analytically. They learn to gather information, evaluate evidence, and draw conclusions based on their observations and experiences.

These skills are crucial for success in science and transferable to other academic subjects and real-life situations.

3. Building Problem-Solving Abilities

Science education often involves hands-on activities and experiments that require students to apply their knowledge and skills to solve problems.

This helps children develop resilience, creativity, and flexibility when faced with challenges, setting them up for success in school and beyond.

4. Enhancing Communication Skills

As young learners engage in scientific exploration, they must express their ideas, observations, and findings.

This helps them practice and improve their communication skills, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing, which are essential for academic success and social interactions.

5. Promoting Collaboration and Teamwork

Many science activities require students to collaborate, share resources, and exchange ideas. This promotes collaboration and teamwork, teaching children to cooperate, negotiate, and respect differing perspectives.

6. Encouraging Environmental Awareness

Teaching science to young learners helps them develop an understanding of the natural world and the importance of environmental stewardship.

They learn about ecosystems, conservation, and the impact of human activities on the planet, fostering a sense of responsibility and respect for the environment.

7. Strengthening Fine Motor Skills

Hands-on science activities often involve manipulating objects, using tools, and engaging in precise movements.

This helps young learners develop fine motor skills essential for writing, drawing, and other daily tasks.

8. Boosting Self-Confidence

As children engage in scientific exploration, they experience success and failure, learn from their mistakes, and build resilience.

This process helps them gain self-confidence and believe in their abilities to tackle challenges and achieve their goals.

Teaching science to young kindergarten learners offers numerous benefits beyond academic achievement.

By fostering curiosity, critical thinking, problem-solving, communication, collaboration, environmental awareness, and self-confidence, science education sets the stage for a lifetime of learning and personal growth.

science in kindergarten

Tips for Engaging Students in Scientific Exploration in Kindergarten

Kindergarten is an ideal time to introduce young learners to the fascinating world of science. Engaging students in scientific exploration at this age helps build a strong foundation for future learning and fosters a love for discovery.

Here are some tips for making science fun, interactive, and meaningful for kindergarten students:

1. Encourage Curiosity and Questioning

Create a classroom environment where curiosity is valued, and questions are welcomed. Please encourage students to ask questions, observe, and share their ideas.

This helps develop their critical thinking skills and promotes a sense of ownership in their learning process.

2. Use Hands-On Activities and Experiments

Young learners benefit from hands-on experiences that allow them to explore scientific concepts through active participation—design activities and experiments that involve manipulating materials, using tools, and observing phenomena firsthand.

This helps students better understand the concepts and improves their fine motor skills.

3. Incorporate Real-World Examples and Connections

Make science relevant by connecting concepts to students’ everyday lives and experiences.

Use real-world examples and local resources, such as nature walks or field trips, to help students see the practical applications of science and its impact on their surroundings.

4. Foster Collaboration and Teamwork

Encourage students to work together on science activities, projects, and investigations.

This promotes collaboration, teamwork, and communication skills, which are essential for their social and academic development.

5. Utilize Age-Appropriate Technology

Incorporate age-appropriate digital tools and technology into your science curriculum to enhance learning and engage students.

This may include educational apps, interactive websites, or multimedia resources complementing hands-on activities and experiments.

6. Differentiate Instruction

Recognize that each student has unique strengths, interests, and learning styles.

Differentiate your instruction to meet the diverse needs of your students and provide opportunities for them to explore science topics in personally meaningful and engaging ways.

7. Scaffold Learning Experiences

Break down complex concepts into smaller, manageable steps, and provide guidance and support as needed.

This helps students build their understanding incrementally and gain confidence in grasping more challenging ideas.

8. Celebrate Successes and Learn from Failures

Acknowledge students’ achievements and progress in scientific exploration, and encourage them to learn from their mistakes.

This helps build resilience, self-confidence, and a growth mindset towards learning.

9. Integrate Science Across the Curriculum

Incorporate scientific concepts and skills into other subjects, such as literacy, math, art, and social studies.

This helps students see the connections between disciplines and reinforces their understanding of science.

10. Create a Science-Rich Classroom Environment

Design your classroom space to reflect the importance of science and stimulate curiosity.

Display student work, create interactive learning centers, and provide various materials and resources related to scientific exploration.

Recommended Resources for Parents and Teachers

Numerous resources are available to support science education for kindergarten students at home and in the classroom.

These resources can help parents and teachers engage young learners in scientific exploration, build foundational skills, and foster a love for learning. Here are some recommended resources to consider:


PBS KIDS offers a variety of educational games, videos, and activities related to science and other subjects. The website features popular characters from PBS children’s shows, making learning fun and engaging for young learners.

2. National Geographic Kids

National Geographic Kids provides a wealth of information, videos, games, and activities related to animals, nature, and science. Their resources help young learners develop an understanding of the natural world and inspire a sense of wonder and curiosity.

3. Mystery Science

Mystery Science offers hands-on science lessons and activities designed for elementary students. Their resources include video lessons, printable materials, and step-by-step instructions for conducting experiments and investigations at home or in the classroom.

4. Scholastic’s Study Jams

Scholastic’s Study Jams is an online resource that offers interactive lessons and quizzes on various science topics, including plants, animals, matter, and space. The engaging multimedia content helps reinforce scientific concepts and encourages active learning.

5. BrainPOP Jr.

BrainPOP Jr. is a subscription-based service that provides animated educational videos, quizzes, and activities on various subjects, including science. The age-appropriate content engages young learners and supports their understanding of complex concepts.

6. Science Buddies

Science Buddies is an online resource that offers a variety of science project ideas, experiments, and activities for students of all ages. Their resources are designed to promote hands-on learning and scientific inquiry at home or in the classroom.

7. DKfindout!

DKfindout! is an online encyclopedia that covers a wide range of topics, including science, geography, history, and more. The visually appealing and age-appropriate content helps young learners explore scientific concepts through images, videos, and quizzes.

8. Steve Spangler Science

Steve Spangler Science offers a collection of science experiments, demonstrations, and activities to engage young learners. Their resources include step-by-step instructions, videos, and explanations to help parents and teachers conduct experiments safely and effectively.

9. YouTube Channels

There are numerous YouTube channels dedicated to science education for young learners. Some popular channels include SciShow Kids, The Dr. Binocs Show, and National Geographic Kids. These channels feature engaging videos that cover a wide array of scientific topics and concepts.

10. Local Resources

Don’t forget to explore local resources, such as libraries, museums, nature centers, and science centers. These institutions often offer educational materials, workshops, and programs specifically designed for young learners.

By utilizing these recommended resources, parents and teachers can provide kindergarten students with engaging and educational experiences that support their scientific exploration and learning at home and in the classroom.

As parents and teachers, we must keep exploring ways to make science education engaging and stimulating for our learners.

If you found this article engaging, look around our blog for more helpful tips and resources for teaching kindergarteners scientific concepts in exciting and creative ways.

Please read our other articles so that you can continue educating yourself about the options available to support your child’s science education!


1. Why is it important to teach science in kindergarten?

Teaching science in kindergarten helps to develop children’s curiosity, critical thinking skills, and problem-solving abilities. It also introduces them to the basics of scientific concepts and encourages a love for learning at an early age.

2. What kind of science topics are appropriate for kindergarten students?

Kindergarten science topics should be age-appropriate and engaging. Some examples include exploring the five senses, understanding the properties of solids, liquids, and gases, learning about plants and animals, and studying weather patterns.

3. How can I make science lessons fun and engaging for kindergarten students?

You can make science lessons fun by incorporating hands-on activities, experiments, and games that allow children to explore and learn through play. Visuals, storytelling, and exciting demonstrations can also enhance the learning experience. Additionally, providing students with online resources such as videos, interactive websites, and educational apps can help them better understand scientific concepts.

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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