Teaching English In Africa: What You Need To Know



Are you a teacher looking for an adventure? Teaching English in Africa may be the ultimate journey! Imagine spending a year exploring exotic cultures while educating young minds and making a difference!

It is an experience like no other. But before you pack your bags, here’s what you need to know:

From obtaining visas to getting the most out of teaching opportunities, here’s all you’ll need to know about teaching English overseas in Africa. Get ready, adventurers – let’s explore African culture together and learn something!

Related: For more, check out our article on Teaching English In Italy  here.

Five Tips When Teaching Abroad

Table of Contents

1. Popular Countries For Teaching English In Africa And Their Cultures

Teaching English in Africa can be a rewarding and life-changing experience, and there are several countries where opportunities abound. Here’s an overview of some of the most popular destinations for teaching English in Africa and some insights into their unique cultures.


One of the top destinations for teaching English in Africa is Morocco. This North African country offers a unique blend of cultures, with influences from Arab, Berber, and French traditions.

Morocco has a rich history, with ancient cities like Marrakech and Fez that offer plenty to explore in your free time. The demand for English teachers here is high, making it an ideal location for those looking to teach abroad.

South Africa

South Africa is another popular destination for teaching English in Africa. The country has a complex history has risen to become one of the continent’s top economic and political leaders.

This has led to a high demand for English teachers, particularly in urban areas like Johannesburg and Cape Town. South Africa also boasts stunning landscapes, from beaches to mountains, making it a great place to live and work.

Teaching English


Kenya is known for its natural beauty, including iconic landscapes like the Maasai Mara and Mount Kilimanjaro. It’s a fantastic place for teachers looking to combine their love of teaching with their passion for adventure.

Many organizations in Kenya offer volunteer opportunities to teach English and give back to local communities.

Algeria, Tunisia, and Egypt

Algeria, Tunisia, and Egypt are popular destinations for teaching English in Africa. These North African countries offer a rich cultural experience and numerous teaching opportunities.

In particular, Egypt offers options to make a decent wage, while Tunisia and Algeria provide more volunteer-based opportunities.


Namibia is known for its stunning desert landscapes and diverse wildlife. The capital city, Windhoek, has several schools and institutions where English teachers are in demand.


Ghana is a vibrant West African country known for its friendly people and rich cultural heritage. English is already an official language here, but there’s a high demand for English teaching in schools and language institutes.


Senegal is another West African nation known for its French colonial heritage and natural attractions like Lake Retba. Opportunities for teaching English exist in both urban and rural settings.

Related: For more, check out our article on Teaching English In Thailand here.

Rwanda, Malawi, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Botswana, Mozambique, and Madagascar

These countries offer unique experiences and opportunities for those looking to teach English in Africa. From the mountain gorillas of Rwanda to the stunning beaches of Mozambique and Madagascar, there’s something for everyone.

Remember, each country will have different requirements and opportunities, so it’s essential to research each one thoroughly before deciding. Regardless of where you choose, teaching English in Africa will be an unforgettable journey!

2. Essential Qualifications To Teach Abroad 

Teaching English abroad can be a transformative experience but requires specific qualifications. Each country and institution may have unique requirements, but some universal qualifications can increase your chances of securing a teaching position abroad.

Bachelor’s Degree

A bachelor’s degree in any field is a common requirement for teaching English abroad. The degree acts as proof of your educational attainment and your ability to commit to a long-term goal.

It’s not usually necessary for the degree to be in English or teaching, although these could potentially make you more attractive to employers.

TEFL/TESOL/CELTA Certification

TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language), TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages), or CELTA (Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) certifications are often essential.

These courses provide specific training on teaching non-native speakers English language skills. They cover lesson planning, classroom management, and teaching grammar.

Some programs offer intensive one-month courses, while others allow you to study at your own pace online.

Native or Fluent English Speaker

Being a native English speaker is often seen as a significant advantage when applying to teach English abroad.

However, non-native speakers who are fluent in English can also find plenty of opportunities. You may need to prove your proficiency through tests like IELTS or TOEFL.

Teaching Experience

Prior teaching experience, while not always mandatory, can significantly boost your job prospects. This includes any form of teaching, such as tutoring, mentoring, coaching, or even volunteer teaching.

Some TEFL courses also include practical teaching components, which can count towards this.

Clean Criminal Record

For the safety of students, most countries and institutions require English teachers to have a clean criminal record.

It would be best if you were prepared to provide a police clearance certificate or other proof of a clean criminal record.

Health Clearance

Being in good health is another typical requirement for teaching abroad. Some countries may require medical examinations or specific vaccinations before you arrive.

It’s essential to research the health requirements of your destination country well in advance.

Flexibility and Cultural Sensitivity

Living and working in a new country requires adaptability and an open mind. Cultural norms vary greatly, and teachers must be sensitive to these differences.

Patience, flexibility, and a willingness to learn about and respect the local culture are crucial traits for anyone considering teaching English abroad.

It’s important to note that each teaching job will have its requirements. Always check the specific criteria for each job posting and prepare accordingly.

Teaching in africa

3. Preparing For Your Journey

Moving to a new country to teach English is an exciting adventure but requires careful planning and preparation. Here’s what you can expect and some suggestions on what to pack.

What to Expect

Cultural Differences

Every country in Africa has its unique culture and traditions. Expect a significant shift from what you’re used to, especially if it’s your first time teaching abroad. Learning about the local customs and etiquette before you arrive is helpful.

Language Barriers

While you’ll teach in English, the local language may differ. Learning a few basic phrases in the local language can help you navigate daily life more comfortably.

Different Teaching Environments

Schools in Africa can vary widely, from modern institutions in big cities to more rudimentary schools in rural areas. Be prepared for possible resource constraints and embrace the opportunity to be creative with your teaching methods.


Africa’s climate varies significantly from country to country and season to season, so research the specific climate of your destination. This will help you know what to expect and how to pack accordingly.

What to Pack


Pack clothing suitable for the local climate. Lightweight, breathable clothes are useful for hot climates, while warmer clothing might be necessary for cooler regions or seasons. Also, remember to respect local dress norms.

Teaching Materials

While many schools will provide teaching resources, bringing some of your own is always a good idea. This could include English books, flashcards, or educational games.

Personal Care Items

Pack essential personal care items like prescription medications, sunscreen, or specific toiletries you may not find in your destination country.

Electronic Devices

Don’t forget your electronic devices, such as your laptop or tablet. These can be instrumental in preparing lessons and staying connected back home. Also, consider bringing a power adapter suitable for your destination.

Important Documents

Bring all necessary documentation, including your passport, visa documents, degree certificate, TEFL certification, and any other necessary identification or qualification documents.

Remember, each person’s needs will vary, so this list is not exhaustive. Preparing a personal checklist to ensure you have everything you need for your journey is always a good idea.

4. Advice In Finding Accommodation, Transportation, and Food

When you’re moving to a new country to teach, some of the most significant initial challenges you’ll face are securing accommodation, navigating transportation, and getting familiar with local food. Here’s some more detailed advice on these areas:

Finding Accommodation

Research Neighbourhoods

Start by researching different neighbourhoods in your city of choice. Look at factors such as safety, proximity to your workplace, the convenience of amenities, and the cost of living.

Online platforms like Numbeo can give you an idea of cost comparisons, while expat forums and blogs can provide real-life experiences and insights.

Short-Term Rentals

Consider booking a short-term rental for your first few weeks. This could be a serviced apartment, a hotel, or a room booked through a service like Airbnb. This allows you to explore different neighbourhoods and find a long-term option that suits your needs and preferences.

Local Real Estate Agents and Online Platforms

Engaging a local real estate agent can be helpful, as they understand the market and can negotiate on your behalf. Online property platforms are also valuable for seeing what’s available in your price range and desired location.

Contract Details

Once you’ve found a place you like, fully understand the rental agreement. Check the terms, how much deposit you must pay, what’s included in the rent, and notice periods.

Navigating Transportation

Public Transport

In many cities, public transport is extensive and affordable. This could include buses, trams, taxis, or minibuses commonly known as ‘matatus’ in some African countries. Familiarize yourself with routes, prices, and etiquette.

Car Hire

If public transport isn’t reliable or widely available, consider hiring a car. Be sure to research local driving laws and get an International Driving Permit if necessary.

Ride-Sharing Apps

Ride-sharing apps like Uber and Bolt operate in several African cities and can be a convenient way to move around, especially if you’re not ready to drive.

Understanding Local Food

Local Cuisine

Each African country has its unique cuisine. Trying local dishes is not just a culinary adventure but a cultural one.

Supermarkets and Local Markets

Identify nearby supermarkets for staple items, and consider visiting local markets for fresh produce. Markets are often cheaper and may have a wider variety of local fruits, vegetables, and spices.

Water Safety

In some regions, tap water may not be safe to drink. Find out the local situation and if necessary, stock up on bottled water or invest in a water purifier.

Dietary Restrictions

If you have dietary restrictions, research the common ingredients used in local dishes. Learn how to express your dietary needs in the local language.

5. Tips On Navigating Cultural Differences In The Classroom in Africa

Navigating cultural differences in the classroom can be one of the most challenging but rewarding aspects of teaching abroad. Here are some tips to help you successfully manage this aspect of your teaching experience in Africa.

Do Your Research

Before you arrive, study the local culture, history, and educational system. Understanding the societal context you’ll be teaching will give you valuable insights into your students’ attitudes and behaviours.

Be Respectful and Open-Minded

Respect for local customs and traditions is crucial. Remember that you’re a guest in another country, and it’s important to honour their ways of doing things, even if they differ from what you’re used to. Be open to new experiences and ways of thinking.

Understand the Classroom Culture

In many African cultures, respect for elders and authority figures is highly valued. This might translate into a more formal classroom environment than you’re used to. Also, understand that the concept of time may differ, so patience is vital.

Be Aware of Communication Styles

Communication styles can vary widely across different cultures. Some societies might value directness, while others prefer more indirect ways of expressing thoughts and opinions. Non-verbal communication can also be significant. Learn about these nuances to avoid misunderstandings.

Learn the Local Language

While you’re there to teach English, learning some of the local languages can show respect and willingness to integrate into the community. It can also help you establish a better rapport with your students.

Foster an Inclusive Classroom Environment

Create a classroom environment that values diversity and encourages students to share their unique perspectives. This can lead to rich discussions and a deeper understanding of the material.

Seek Local Advice

Don’t hesitate to ask local teachers or colleagues for advice on navigating cultural differences in the classroom. Their firsthand experiences can provide invaluable guidance.

6. Strategies For Overcoming Language Barriers

Teaching in a foreign country inevitably comes with language barriers. However, you can effectively communicate and foster a productive learning environment with the right strategies. Here are some methods to help you overcome these challenges:

Learn Basic Local Language

While you may teach in English, understanding some local languages can be extremely helpful. Learning basic greetings, common phrases, and critical vocabulary can help you communicate more effectively and show respect for the local culture.

Use Visual Aids

Visual aids like pictures, diagrams, and physical objects can be beneficial in overcoming language barriers. They can provide context and help students understand concepts without relying solely on verbal explanations.

Encourage Non-Verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication, such as gestures, facial expressions, and body language, can significantly convey meaning. Please encourage your students to use non-verbal cues to express themselves when they struggle to find the right words.

Simplify Your Language

Try to use simple, straightforward language whenever possible. Avoid idioms, slang, and complex vocabulary that might confuse your students. Speak slowly and clearly to give students the best chance of understanding you.

Use Translation Tools

Technology can be a great ally in overcoming language barriers. Translation apps can help you understand and communicate in the local language, and many educational apps are designed to assist language learning.

Foster a Supportive Environment

Create an environment where students feel comfortable making mistakes. Please encourage them to practice their English skills without fear of judgment. Praise efforts and progress, no matter how small.

Be Patient and Positive

Patience is crucial when dealing with language barriers. Students may need time to formulate their thoughts and express themselves in English. Maintain a positive attitude, and reassure your students that taking their time is okay.


Teaching English in Africa is an enriching journey that offers personal and professional growth. It comes with challenges like finding accommodation, navigating transportation, overcoming language barriers, and understanding cultural classroom differences.

Preparation, research, respect for local culture, and patience are crucial to success. Remember, every challenge is a growth opportunity, making your teaching experience in Africa impactful for your students and transformative for you.






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