What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade?

Written by Dan

Twelfth grade is the final year of high school, and students must build upon their earlier knowledge and develop a deeper understanding of different concepts. The twelfth-grade curriculum is designed to prepare students for college and beyond by offering advanced topics that require critical thinking and strong analytical skills.

This article will explore the subjects taught in twelfth grade, including Math, English Language Arts (ELA), Science, Social Studies, Physical Education, and Well-being, along with the specific concepts covered in each subject. We will also discuss the benefits of learning these subjects in twelfth grade and how they can contribute to student’s personal and academic growth.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade Math?

Twelfth-grade math aims to enhance students’ skills in advanced concepts and equip them with the necessary knowledge for pursuing college studies in STEM fields. The curriculum covers various topics, some of which are listed below.


Calculus is the primary focus of twelfth-grade math. Students learn advanced calculus concepts such as derivatives, integrals, limits, and series. The goal is to improve students’ understanding of how mathematical concepts apply to real-world problems and help them develop strong analytical skills.

Advanced Algebra

Twelfth-grade math includes advanced algebra topics such as matrices, complex numbers, and advanced functions. Students will learn to solve complex equations and use algebra to solve problems in other subject areas.

Probability and Statistics

Probability and statistics are essential for data analysis in many industries, including finance, science, and engineering. In twelfth grade, students learn advanced concepts such as random variables, probability distributions, hypothesis testing, and confidence intervals.


Trigonometry studies triangles and their properties, including relationships between angles and sides. In twelfth grade, students learn advanced topics such as inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, and the laws of sines and cosines.

The math curriculum for twelfth-grade students aims to enhance their expertise in advanced mathematical concepts and equip them with the necessary skills to handle college-level coursework in STEM subjects. Through this program, students can acquire robust analytical and problem-solving abilities useful in various academic and real-life scenarios.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade English Language Arts?

Twelfth-grade English Language Arts (ELA) focuses on building students’ literary analysis and critical thinking skills through the study of various genres of literature. The following are some of the topics taught in twelfth-grade ELA.

American Literature

In twelfth-grade ELA, students focus on reading and analyzing American literature, including fiction, nonfiction, drama, and poetry. They will examine authors’ literary elements, such as plot, character, setting, and theme. Additionally, students will analyze the historical and cultural context of American literature.

Literary Analysis and Interpretation

Students in twelfth-grade ELA will also develop critical thinking skills through literary analysis and interpretation. They will learn to analyze literary devices authors employ, such as symbolism, metaphor, and allegory. Students will also compare and contrast multiple works of literature and develop arguments about literary themes.

Argumentative Writing

In twelfth-grade ELA, students will focus on developing their argumentative writing skills. They will learn how to write effective thesis statements, develop a clear argument, and use supporting evidence to persuade readers. Students will also learn how to evaluate rhetorical strategies used in persuasive writing.

Speaking and Listening

Speaking and listening skills are also emphasized in twelfth-grade ELA. Students will learn to communicate effectively in various settings, such as debates, presentations, and group discussions. They will also develop their listening skills through active listening and engaging in meaningful dialogue.

The focus of the twelfth-grade ELA curriculum is to help students improve their critical thinking, literary analysis, and communication skills. By studying American literature, students will gain a deeper understanding of texts and learn how to analyze and interpret them. They will also develop practical communication skills for speaking and writing.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade Science?

The twelfth-grade science curriculum aims to expand on basic concepts taught in earlier grades and explore more advanced scientific ideas. Here are the primary subjects covered in twelfth-grade science.


In twelfth-grade science, students learn about physics principles, including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and optics. They will also learn advanced concepts like nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, and relativity. Students will apply these concepts to real-world phenomena and experiment to test various hypotheses.

Advanced Chemistry

Twelfth-grade science also includes the study of advanced chemistry concepts, including organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry. Students will learn about reactions, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, and electrochemistry. They will also study the properties and reactivity of chemical compounds, including nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates.


Twelfth-grade biology covers biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, ecology, and environmental science. Students will explore the structure and function of cells and their components, DNA, and gene expression. They will also study how genes interact with the environment, population biology, and complex ecological systems.

Scientific Method and Research

In twelfth-grade science, emphasis is placed on scientific methods and research. Students will learn to design and conduct experiments, analyze and interpret data, and communicate their findings. They will also learn about various research techniques and ethics in scientific research.

The science curriculum for students in their final year of high school offers extensive knowledge of complex scientific ideas and crucial analytical abilities for success in scientific fields. By applying scientific methods and conducting research, students gain valuable experience which prepares them for college and careers in scientific fields.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade Social Studies?

In twelfth-grade social studies, you will be introduced to subjects like history, government, economics, geography, and global issues. The course primarily focuses on these topics.

American Government and Civics

In twelfth-grade social studies, students study American government and civics concepts, such as government structure, the US Constitution, individual rights and freedoms, and representation. They explore government processes, from elections to lawmaking, and learn how the government interacts and serves its citizens.

Contemporary World Issues

Twelfth-grade social studies include studying contemporary world issues such as globalization, human rights, and environmental issues. Students will learn about complex global problems, such as economic interdependence, cultural diversity, immigration policies, and climate change.

Economics and Personal Finance

In twelfth-grade social studies, students will learn about economics and personal finance. They will be introduced to macroeconomics and microeconomics and learn about the principles of supply and demand, taxation policies, market structures, and other concepts relevant to personal finance.


Honors-level twelfth-grade social studies classes usually focus on world or US history. In US history courses, students explore US history from the Reconstruction to World War II. In world history classes, students learn about world events and global societies from the Age of Enlightenment to the contemporary era.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade Physical Education?

The purpose of twelfth-grade physical education is to teach students the necessary skills and knowledge to participate in physical activities and live an active lifestyle. It covers various important topics.

Team and Individual Sports

Students will continue developing their team and individual sports skills in twelfth-grade physical education. These include basketball, volleyball, football, soccer, softball, baseball, golf, tennis, badminton, and track. Students will learn advanced skills and strategies for these sports.

Health and Nutrition

In twelfth-grade physical education, students learn about health and nutrition. This includes learning about macronutrients and micronutrients, the role of food in energy and physical activity, and how to make healthy food choices. Students will also learn about the impact of nutrition on physical performance and overall health.

Public Health and Safety

Twelfth-grade physical education curriculum also emphasizes public health and safety. Students learn about injury prevention, first aid, and emergency procedures. They also learn to care for injuries, recognize and respond to medical emergencies, and perform CPR.


Fitness is a crucial component of twelfth-grade physical education. Students learn about exercise and physical fitness principles and how to create individualized fitness plans based on their goals and abilities. They also develop and improve their strength, endurance, flexibility, and balance.

What’s Taught In Twelfth Grade About Well-Being?

Twelfth-grade well-being curriculum focuses on helping students maintain positive physical, mental, and emotional health. The following are some of the main topics taught in twelfth-grade well-being.

Mental Health and Emotional Intelligence

In twelfth-grade well-being, students learn about mental health and emotional intelligence. They know how to recognize and manage emotions, develop empathy and compassion, and cope with stress and anxiety.

Relationships and Communication

Twelfth-grade well-being curriculum also emphasizes healthy relationships and communication skills. Students learn how to build and maintain healthy relationships with peers, family, and romantic partners. They learn about effective communication techniques, conflict resolution, active listening, and respectful behavior.

Personal Safety

In twelfth-grade well-being, students learn about personal safety, including how to recognize and avoid risky situations, how to protect themselves from physical and sexual violence, and how to seek help when needed.

Wellness and Mindfulness

Twelfth-grade well-being also includes the study of wellness and mindfulness. Students learn about the importance of physical activity, healthy eating, and quality sleep. They also know about the benefits of mindfulness and meditation practices and how to incorporate them into daily routines.

The twelfth-grade curriculum aims to prepare students for college and beyond by focusing on advanced topics that require critical thinking and strong analytical skills. In twelfth grade, students typically study Math, English Language Arts (ELA), Science, Social Studies, Physical Education, and Well-being, with each subject emphasizing different skills and knowledge. 

A comprehensive education in these areas allows students to develop the necessary skills to succeed in college and their future careers. Through rigorous coursework and hands-on experiences, the twelfth-grade curriculum helps students reach their full potential and become lifelong learners.

Twelfth Grade FAQ

What is the twelfth grade?

Twelfth grade is the final year of high school education in the United States, typically attended by students who are 17 or 18 years of age.

What subjects are taught in twelfth grade?

The twelfth-grade curriculum typically includes Math, English Language Arts (ELA), Science, Social Studies, Physical Education, and Well-being.

Why is twelfth-grade education important?

Twelfth-grade education is crucial because it helps prepare students for college and beyond. The advanced twelfth-grade topics require critical thinking and analytical skills, which are essential for college-level coursework and future careers.

What are some examples of what is taught in twelfth-grade science?

Students typically study physics, advanced chemistry, biology, and scientific research and methods in twelfth-grade science.

How does twelfth-grade physical education help students?

Twelfth-grade physical education helps students develop the necessary skills to lead active lives and participate in physical activities. Students learn about different sports, health and nutrition, public health and safety, and fitness, which prepares them to take care of their physical health and participate in a lifetime of physical activity.

What life skills are taught in twelfth grade?

The twelfth-grade curriculum includes life skills such as critical thinking, analysis, interpretation, communication, and wellness. These skills help students lead healthy and fulfilling lives, make informed decisions, and communicate effectively with others.

How does twelfth-grade well-being education help students?

Twelfth-grade well-being education helps students learn about maintaining positive physical, mental, and emotional health. They learn about mental health and emotional intelligence, relationships and communication, personal safety, wellness and mindfulness, which helps them lead healthy and fulfilling lives.

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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