What Is Taught In Fourth Grade?

Written by Dan

It’s fourth grade – a milestone year for both parents and children. For kids, it’s the start of many new freedoms, like having a say in what they wear to school or taking on extra household chores. But beyond all that, this particular year signals important educational milestones too! So what can parents expect their child to learn during fourth grade? We’re here to break it down in an interactive way so you can explore things together as your kid moves onto this exciting new chapter.

What Is Taught In Maths In Fourth Grade?

In fourth grade, students typically continue to build on the arithmetic and problem-solving skills developed in previous grades while learning new concepts and more complex mathematical operations. The maths curriculum for fourth grade usually includes a focus on the following:

Number and Operations:

  • Understanding place value in numbers up to millions and continuing to work with multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
  • Learning to use fractions and decimals, including adding, subtracting, and multiplying them.
  • Developing an understanding of factors and prime and composite numbers.

Measurement and Data:

  • Understanding units of measurement for length, area, perimeter, volume, capacity, weight, and time.
  • Learning to read and interpret graphs, such as line plots, picture graphs, and bar graphs.
  • Studying different types of angles and classifying shapes by their attributes.


  • Understanding the properties of different types of polygons, such as triangles, quadrilaterals, and parallelograms.
  • Developing spatial reasoning skills and learning to find the area and perimeter of two-dimensional shapes.
  • Learning about symmetry and identifying lines of symmetry in shapes.

Algebraic Thinking:

  • Understanding patterns and relationships and using them to solve problems.
  • Learning to write and solve equations using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
  • Identifying and extending arithmetic and geometric sequences.

The goal of fourth-grade maths is to develop students’ problem-solving and critical thinking skills while also helping them build a strong foundation in mathematical concepts that will prepare them for more advanced maths.

What Is Taught In English In Fourth Grade?

In fourth grade, students build on the reading, writing, and language skills developed in previous grades, emphasizing deeper comprehension of text and more complex writing tasks. The English curriculum for fourth grade covers a range of topics and skills, such as:

Reading Comprehension:

  • Developing the ability to read various texts, including fiction, non-fiction and poetry, with comprehension and fluency.
  • Analyzing text structures, identifying main ideas and supporting details, and making inferences.
  • Making connections to real-life experiences and evaluating the effectiveness of different texts.

Writing Skills:

  • Writing for different purposes, such as narrative, expository and persuasive writing.
  • Planning and writing multi-paragraph compositions with a strong focus on organization and structure.
  • Using precise language, varied sentence structure, and transitional words and phrases to improve the quality of their writing.

Language Skills:

  • Understanding and applying various parts of speech, including verbs, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs.
  • Practising correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
  • Mastering a range of vocabulary, including idioms, synonyms, and antonyms.

Speaking and Listening Skills:

  • Engaging in conversations and discussions on various topics as a listener and a speaker.
  • Participating in group activities such as book clubs, speeches and debates.

What Is Taught In Science In Fourth Grade?

Students continue to explore the world of science, building upon the knowledge gained in earlier grades. The science curriculum for fourth grade typically includes the following topics and skills:

Life Science:

  • Learning about ecosystems and their components, including the relationships between living and non-living things.
  • Identifying different characteristics of living things, such as the adaptations of animals and plants to their environment.
  • Studying the basic functions of body systems, such as the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems.

Earth Science:

  • Understanding the water cycle and the importance of water resources.
  • Learning about natural resources, such as minerals, fossils, and renewable and non-renewable sources of energy.
  • Studying the different layers of the Earth, such as the crust, mantle, and core.

Physical Science:

  • Understanding the properties of different types of matter, such as solids, liquids, and gases.
  • Learning about simple machines and how they can make work easier.
  • Exploring the relationship between force, motion, and energy.

Engineering and Design:

  • Applying scientific and engineering principles to design and build prototypes and solutions to real-world problems.
  • Learning about the design process, including brainstorming, prototyping, and testing.

What Is Taught In Social Studies In Fourth Grade?

In fourth grade, students continue to explore social studies topics, including history, geography, economics, and civic engagement. The social studies curriculum for fourth grade includes:


  • Learning about U.S. history’s significant events and figures, including the American Revolution and the Civil War.
  • Understanding the causes and effects of historical events and the contributions of different groups to American society.
  • Exploring the history of their community and local government.


  • Studying the physical and cultural characteristics of different regions and countries, including climate, landforms, and natural resources.
  • Understanding and reading different types of maps, including physical and political maps.
  • Learning about the relationships between people and the environment.


  • Understanding the basic concepts of supply and demand, production, and distribution of goods and services.
  • Learning about the roles of individuals, businesses, and government in the economy.
  • Understanding the concept of money and its use in different kinds of transactions.

Civic Engagement:

  • Learning about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, including the importance of voting and participating in government.
  • Understanding how laws and rules are created and enforced and what happens when they are broken.
  • Learning about diversity, inclusion, and respect for different cultures and backgrounds.

Fourth grade is a critical time of learning and growth, both academically and personally. As your child moves through this crucial year in their educational journey, be sure to focus on the fundamentals and build a strong foundation of knowledge, as these fundamental skills will serve them well into their future school years.

What Is Taught In Music In Fourth Grade?

Fourth-grade music education aims to enhance students’ basic music skills and knowledge. The music curriculum covers various aspects, such as important topics and skills students must learn.

Music Theory:

  • Learning about music notation, including treble and bass clefs, note values, and rhythm.
  • Understanding basic music structures, including melody, harmony, and form.
  • Developing an understanding of musical terms and vocabulary.

Performance Skills:

  • Building on basic vocal and instrumental techniques developed in previous years, including breathing, tone quality, and rhythm.
  • Reading and performing music from notation.
  • Singing, playing an instrument or both in ensembles.

Music History and Culture:

  • Exploring a range of historical and contemporary musical styles, genres, and traditions.
  • Learning about the cultural and historical context of different types of music, including the role of music in other societies and the lives of foreign composers.

Technology and Music:

  • Using music software and digital tools to create and record music.
  • Understanding the role of technology in the creation and distribution of music.

What Is Taught In Physical Education In Fourth Grade?

Fourth grade physical education classes focus on further developing fundamental movement skills and concepts taught in earlier grades. The curriculum covers various topics and skills, including:

Movement and Fitness:

  • Developing proficiency in fundamental motor skills, such as running, jumping, throwing, and catching.
  • Participating in physical activities that foster cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility.
  • Learning about the benefits of regular physical activity and why it is important for overall health and wellbeing.

Sports and Games:

  • Learning the rules and strategies of team and individual sports, such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, and track and field events.
  • Participating in game-like situations to develop tactical skills and decision-making abilities.
  • Understanding the importance of good sportsmanship and teamwork.

Movement Education:

  • Understanding movement components, such as balance, coordination, and spatial awareness.
  • Participating in activities that foster creative movement and self-expression.
  • Developing an awareness of body mechanics and how they relate to movement.

Outdoor Education:

  • Learning about safety and risk management during outdoor activities.
  • Participating in outdoor activities like hiking or orienteering to develop environmental awareness and appreciation.

It’s also important to understand that fourth grade isn’t all about academics; children should also have the opportunity to explore different talents and interests, pursue hobbies that excite them, and develop social skills. Regardless of your child’s path in fourth grade, give support, celebration, and encouragement along the way. Education is more than just reading and math; it’s about helping children grow into successful adults with fulfilling lives.

As parents or educators – if you want to know more about what is taught in fourth grade – visit our web page for more resources! We think you will find lots of helpful information regarding this topic. So don’t forget to come back for other related issues such as Science lessons for fourth-grade students; Fun math activities for fourth-graders; Language arts worksheets for fourth-grade students; Social-emotional learning activities for 4th graders; and resources for fourth-grade students teaching fourth-graders history; etc. Come and check out our other articles!

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.






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