What Is Taught In Fifth Grade?



Are you overwhelmed trying to figure out what your fifth grader should know before heading to middle school? Don’t fret! We’ve got the scoop on all the fun for your aspiring youngin’ this year.

From science and math to fields of history and English literature, fifth grade has something unique for every student. Let’s look at some exciting topics and subjects fifth graders will encounter during their educational journey.

What Math Is Taught In Fifth Grade?

In the fifth grade, students typically learn various math topics to increase their skills and prepare them for more complex math concepts. These topics often include:

  1. Operations with whole numbers: Students learn to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of multi-digit numbers. They also learn to apply these operations in real-life situations.
  2. Fraction operations: Students learn to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions with like and unlike denominators. They also know to convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions.
  3. Geometry: Students learn about lines, angles, and geometric figures such as triangles, polygons, and circles. They also know about perimeter, area, and volume calculations.
  4. Decimals: Students learn to compare, order, and perform operations with decimals.
  5. Patterns, functions and algebraic thinking: Students learn to use variables and equations to solve simple algebraic problems. They also learn to identify and extend patterns and relationships.
  6. Measurement: Students learn to use standard units of measure, such as inches, feet, and yards, for length, weight, and volume.

The fifth-grade math curriculum aims to enhance students’ problem-solving, critical thinking, and logical reasoning skills to prepare them for higher-level math.

What Is Taught In English Language Arts In Fifth Grade?

In fifth grade, English Language Arts (ELA) instruction typically incorporates a range of skills to help students develop their reading, writing, speaking, and critical thinking abilities. Some of the key topics that may be covered include:

  1. Reading comprehension: Students learn to identify the main idea, draw conclusions, and make inferences from texts. They also learn to identify literary elements like plot, character, and setting.
  2. Writing: Students work on improving their writing skills by focusing on organization, sentence structure, grammar, and punctuation. They may also learn about the different types of writing, such as persuasive, narrative, and informative.
  3. Vocabulary development: Students build on their existing vocabularies by learning new words and their meanings. They also know how to use context clues to determine word meanings.
  4. Speaking and listening: Students develop speaking and listening skills through class discussions, presentations, and group activities. They learn how to communicate effectively and respectfully with their peers.
  5. Grammar: Students learn about English grammar, including the parts of speech, verb tenses, and sentence construction.
  6. Research skills: Students learn how to conduct research, gather information from reliable sources, and properly cite their sources.

Through these topics and skills, fifth-grade ELA instruction is designed to help students become proficient readers and writers while developing their ability to think critically and communicate effectively.

What Science Is Taught In Fifth Grade?

In fifth grade, students typically learn various science topics to help them develop a deeper understanding of the natural world and scientific concepts. Some of the critical issues that may be covered include:

  1. Physical sciences: Students learn about the properties of matter, such as mass, volume, and density. They also learn about the states of matter and the effects of heat and temperature on the subject.
  2. Life sciences: Students learn about the characteristics of living things, such as reproduction, growth, and adaptation. They also learn about ecosystems, food chains, and the interdependence of organisms within an ecosystem.
  3. Earth and space sciences: Students learn about weather patterns, rocks and minerals, the water cycle, and the solar system. They also learn about Earth’s natural resources and how to conserve and protect them.
  4. Scientific inquiry: Students learn about the scientific method, including how to form hypotheses, conduct experiments, and analyze data. They also learn about laboratory safety and procedures.

Through these topics and skills, fifth-grade science instruction aims to foster scientific curiosity, literacy, and an appreciation for the natural world and scientific inquiry.

What Social Studies Is Taught In Fifth Grade?

In fifth grade, students typically learn a range of social studies topics to help them understand the world around them and their place in it. These topics may include:

  1. United States history: Students learn about the significant events and figures in United States history, including the American Revolution, The Civil War, and the Civil Rights movement. They also learn about the structure of the US government and democratic principles.
  2. Geography: Students learn about different regions’ physical and human geography, including the United States. They study maps, learn about different types of landforms, and explore cultural and economic data from other parts of the country.
  3. World history: Students learn about the history and culture of different regions, such as ancient civilizations, explorers and trade routes, and modern political and economic systems.
  4. Government and economics: Students learn about the role of government in society, including how laws are made and how citizens participate in the political process. They also learn basic economic concepts such as supply and demand, inflation, and gross domestic product.
  5. Cultural diversity: Students learn about various cultures in the United States and worldwide. They explore ethnicity, religion, immigration, and gender and how they impact communities.

Overall, fifth-grade social studies instruction aims to foster an understanding of the world around us and how its various parts work together. This includes a focus on critical thinking and analysis, an appreciation for diversity, and respect for different ways of living and thinking.

What Physical Education Is Taught In Fifth Grade?

In fifth grade, physical education (PE) classes aim to help children develop fundamental movement skills, enhance physical fitness, and foster healthy lifestyle habits. Some of the critical topics that may be covered include:

  1. Types of Physical Activities: Students typically engage in cardiovascular activities, such as jogging, running, and jumping rope, to improve endurance and cardiovascular health. They may also engage in team sports, such as basketball, soccer, and volleyball, to develop teamwork and sportsmanship skills.
  2. Strength and Flexibility Training: Students may participate in strength and conditioning activities, such as push-ups, squats, and lunges, to build muscular strength and endurance. They may also participate in stretching exercises to improve flexibility and range of motion.
  3. Health and Nutrition: Students learn about a healthy diet and the importance of eating a balanced, nutritious diet. They also learn about the role of physical activity in maintaining a healthy body and mind.
  4. Safety: Students learn to participate safely in physical activities, including proper form and technique for exercises and sports.
  5. Individual and Team Sports: Students may learn individual sports such as Tennis, swimming, and gymnastics. They may also be taught team sports such as basketball, volleyball, football, and soccer.

Fifth-grade students can develop various physical and mental abilities, including sportsmanship, fitness, teamwork, and well-being, by engaging in these topics and skills through physical education classes.

Fifth grade is an exciting year for any child as they continue to learn new and interesting concepts. They will learn fundamental math operations, different modes of writing and reading, science, and social studies. All these skills developed in fifth grade can help propel them into the future as they form the building blocks of their knowledge base.

Fifth graders can take what was learned in previous grades and enhance those skills to become more excellent thinkers and doers. As educators, it is up to us to provide our students with quality content, instruction, and activities that will engage their minds so that they gain an appreciation for learning. 

Our article has provided a summary of what students are taught in fifth grade, and this information can be used as a great starting point for teachers who want to expand upon the core curricula when teaching children.

We know that fifth grade sets a strong foundation for years ahead, so we must understand the basics before stepping further into more advanced topics; let’s ensure we encourage student engagement through meaningful assignments and activities. If you would like to delve more deeply into this topic, or find more educational resources on fifth-grade issues, come and check out our other articles!


Q: What are the main subjects taught in fifth grade?

A: The main subjects taught in fifth grade typically include Math, English Language Arts, Science, Social Studies, and Physical Education.

Q: What math topics are covered in fifth grade?

A: In fifth grade, students typically learn about operations with whole numbers, fraction operations, geometry, decimals, patterns, functions and algebraic thinking, and measurement.

Q: What English language arts topics are covered in fifth grade?

A: In fifth grade, students typically learn about reading comprehension, writing, vocabulary development, speaking and listening, grammar, and research skills.

Q: What science topics are covered in fifth grade?

A: In fifth grade, students typically learn about physical sciences, life sciences, Earth and space sciences, and scientific inquiry.

Q: What social studies topics are covered in fifth grade?

A: In fifth grade, students typically learn about United States history, geography, world history, government and economics, and cultural diversity.

Q: What physical education topics are covered in fifth grade?

A: In fifth grade, students typically learn about types of physical activities, strength and flexibility training, health and nutrition, safety, and individual and team sports.

Q: What are some of the key skills that fifth graders develop across subjects?

A: Fifth graders develop a range of skills across subjects, including critical thinking, problem-solving, communication, and collaboration, among others.

Q: How can parents support their children’s learning in fifth grade?

A: Parents can support their children’s learning by providing a nurturing home environment, encouraging them to read and practice math and writing skills, and supporting efforts to maintain physical fitness and health. Additionally, parents can communicate regularly with teachers to stay informed about their child’s progress and collaborate to support their child’s learning.






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