Explained: The 4 Types of Sentences

Written by Dan

Last updated

As a teacher, it’s essential to understand all facets of grammar and writing.

One key component is sentence structure. Knowing the different kinds of sentences allows teachers to assess their student’s writing properly.

By mastering the subtleties behind each type, instructors can help their pupils remediate areas where they fall short in composition skills.

In today’s blog post, we’ll break down the four types of sentences and explain how to use them in the classroom!

Related: For more, check out our article on The Importance Of Teaching Subordinate Clauses  here.



Sentences are the building blocks of communication, and four types of sentences serve different purposes.

A declarative sentence makes a statement, an interrogative sentence asks a question, an exclamatory sentence expresses strong emotion or excitement, and an imperative sentence gives a command.

Each type of sentence has its purpose and can be combined to create more complex thoughts and ideas.

Whether you’re writing a paper for school or trying to make a point in the conversation, understanding when and how to use each type of sentence is essential to effective communication.

Declarative Sentences

It’s an oft-misunderstood concept, but the declaration of fact with a declarative sentence can be compelling.

Much like a period at the end of a sentence conveys the finality of thought, ensuring one has all the details necessary to comprehend what has been said before moving on, declarative sentences make simple but sweeping statements.

While it’s easy to develop examples of declarative sentences in everyday speech or written formats, it’s also possible to capitalize on this defined structure to communicate short and sweet ideas that get right to the point.

Moreover, they don’t always have to express a negative or a positive attitude – they can exist as communication between two people.

5 Examples of Declarative Sentences:

  • Chocolate is my favourite dessert.
  • I like to read books in my free time.
  • The sky is blue today.
  • I am going to the store later this afternoon.
  • Dogs are loyal pets.

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentences are an essential component of language; without them, we’d be unable to accurately convey our thoughts and feelings. We use interrogatives to draw information from one another for clarification or problem-solving.

Depending on the structure and verb conjugation, the speaker’s tone can communicate enthusiasm, confusion, understanding, concern or even disbelief.

Interrogative sentences often aren’t formulated until after a conversation has drifted off course or stopped making sense – they help us to get back on track while continuing the dialogue.

Ultimately, they allow a brief exchange of information between two people with something pertinent to contribute.

5 Examples of Interrogative Sentences:

  • What do you think about this idea?
  • Are you ready to go?
  • Do you have any questions for me?
  • Did you understand the instructions?
  • Where did you put my keys?

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences are an energetic way of expressing intense emotions. They can emphasize the speaker’s feelings without needing explanations or details.

Readers can almost “feel” the emotion behind the words and punctuation when reading exclamatory sentences.

Exclamation points add strength and urgency, making these statements stand out in a written piece.

Of all the different types of sentences, exclamatory ones truly capture how people feel inside and have The Power to evoke strong reactions from those who hear them.

5 Examples of Exclamatory Sentences:

  • That test was so hard!
  • I can’t believe I did it!
  • What an incredible sunset!
  • Oh no, I forgot my wallet!
  • I’m so excited about our vacation!

Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences are an essential tool to ensure effective communication between people. By speaking directly, we can clearly and quickly convey what we intend to say.

Whether you need someone to clean your room, carry out a task, or even complete a project by the end of the day, an imperative sentence will do the job.

Filled with intensity and purposeful authority, these statements encourage others to act swiftly so that everyone can work together towards their collective goals.

With the proper use of an imperatives sentence, meaningful conversations can result in positive outcomes for everyone involved.

5 Examples of Imperative Sentences:

  • Make sure your room is clean before dinner.
  • Put the groceries away when you get home.
  • Complete this project by tomorrow morning.
  • Follow these instructions carefully.
  • Hurry up; we’re going to be late!

Combining Sentences

Although some people may find writing daunting, understanding sentence structure can make the process much easier.

One of the most effective strategies for crafting compelling and sophisticated sentences is to combine different types of sentences into one.

For example, compound-complex sentences are created when two independent clauses, which contain at least one dependent clause each, are combined in one sentence.

complex sentences

This type of mastery of language can elevate your writing to new levels and draw readers in with your beautiful prose.

5 Examples of combining sentence types in 1 sentence:

I was excited to go on vacation, but when I realized I had forgotten my passport, I knew I couldn’t leave until I got it, so while my friends continued with their plans, I made a mad dash to the local post office.

We were running late for the meeting because we hadn’t anticipated the traffic jam on our way there; however, thankfully, I had brought snacks to keep us fueled while we sat in the car.

I was so excited when I saw my new apartment, but as soon as I stepped inside, I realized that it needed a lot of work; therefore, even though painting walls and setting up furniture isn’t my favourite thing to do, I had to get started right away.

The class discussion was interesting, but I found myself disagreeing with the majority of the opinions being voiced; thus, while everyone else seemed satisfied with what they were hearing, I began developing my counterarguments in preparation for when I could speak up.

I wanted to go for a walk in the park, but the rain was coming down so hard that I knew there wasn’t much point; consequently, I decided to stay inside and watch a movie instead.

These are the four types of sentences you need to know. With this knowledge, you can combine different sentences to create more complex ones.

The next time you write something, whether it’s a school assignment or just for fun, keep these sentence types in mind and mix them to add variety to your work.

Doing so will make your writing more exciting and engaging for yourself and your reader.

Check out our article on the 12 tenses children need to learn for the KS2 Sats!


Q: What is an exclamatory sentence?

A. An exclamatory sentence is a type of statement that expresses strong emotion or excitement, often indicated by the use of an exclamation mark at the end. Examples include “What a beautiful day!” and “I’m so excited!”.

Q: What is an imperative sentence?

A. An imperative sentence is a statement to give a direct command or ask a question. It typically starts with the verb and often ends with an exclamation mark. Examples include “Clean your room!”, “Be kind to others.” and “Can you help me?”.

Q: What are the benefits of combining sentence types?

A: Combining different types of sentences in one can make your writing more dynamic and engaging. It also allows you to express complex ideas succinctly, which can help keep readers’ attention and make your prose stand out.

Additionally, it’s a great way to add variety to your work and practice mastering different aspects of language.

About The Author

I'm Dan Higgins, one of the faces behind The Teaching Couple. With 15 years in the education sector and a decade as a teacher, I've witnessed the highs and lows of school life. Over the years, my passion for supporting fellow teachers and making school more bearable has grown. The Teaching Couple is my platform to share strategies, tips, and insights from my journey. Together, we can shape a better school experience for all.

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